Factors for insomnia during pregnancy
a) Pregnant women are more sensitive mentally and psychologically, and their tolerance to stress is lowered, which often leads to depression and insomnia. The hormones that affect the human body during pregnancy are mainly estrogen and progesterone. The hormone levels in the mother-to-be's body are in a state of flux, and the level of progesterone will continue to increase. During this period, many mothers will experience morning sickness, such as nausea and vomiting, which are actually caused by hormonal changes in the body.
b) In the early stages of pregnancy, perhaps half of all mothers-to-be experience frequent urination, but in the later stages, nearly 80% of pregnant women suffer from frequent urination, which seriously affects their sleep quality. Most frequent urination is due to the pressure of the enlarged uterus on the bladder, which gives mothers the urge to "pee".
c) In late pregnancy, many pregnant women often experience leg cramps, which also affect the quality of their sleep. Most of the cramps are related to the sleeping position, and they usually tend to occur when the feet are palms down. In addition, it may also be related to local blood circulation and blood acidity. Normal blood is usually alkaline, but emotional instability and too much meat/sugar in the diet can easily make the blood acidic, causing an electrolyte imbalance and local muscle cramps.
d) Many pregnant women experience abdominal fullness due to the slowing down of muscle peristalsis of the digestive organs. Other mothers-to-be are baffled by constant acid reflux and heartburn, which is caused by the retrograde peristalsis of the stomach caused by pregnancy, resulting in the reflux of acidic contents in the stomach and irritation of the mucous membranes.
e) As the belly grows larger, the weight on the spine and back muscles of pregnant women increases, often causing back and lower back pain, making it more difficult to move around and interfering with sleep. At the same time, the pregnant woman's body begins to secrete hormone relaxin, which allows the body to prepare for labor. However, relaxin can also make the ligaments in various parts of the body laxer, making pregnant women more prone to injury, especially in the back.
f) Insomnia during pregnancy is also related to the psychological stress of the mother-to-be, such as worrying about the stability of the baby in the womb and whether there will be any accidents. Some pregnant women who are pregnant for the first time may worry about whether their baby will have any deformities, whether their intelligence is normal, etc., despite having regular maternity checkups. Due to hormonal fluctuations during pregnancy, these inner worries may also be magnified, triggering anxiety, which can also lead to symptoms of insomnia during pregnancy.